History - Gray's Farm Primary Academy



In the National Curriculum, the first purpose of History is listed as to ‘help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world’. At Gray’s farm, we believe this is only the tip of the iceberg of the reasons why we teach History. For us, its true value lies in teaching children about different ways of life, igniting their curiosity as they discover things that fascinate them; learning how to think critically and question what a piece of evidence is trying to tell them; understanding how history is woven together globally and that our history includes people of all abilities, races, social classes and genders. 

Our History curriculum interlinks knowledge, concepts, representation and skills. The knowledge is the information children learn and recall; concepts are the bigger themes in history (such as chronology, similarity and difference, and causes and effect); and the skills are what children do to find out and show the information they have learnt (questioning, deducing, analysing, writing etc.) 


In the Early Years Foundation Stage, children learn History through ‘Understanding the World’. Their activities are very practical and play-based. They have the opportunity to explore artefacts from the past and use these to develop their abilities to make observations, question and draw conclusions. 

KS1 and KS2 

In KS1, children are required to cover broad topics, such as change within and beyond living memory, and significant events and individuals. Our curriculum focuses on events which are insightful and fun, and includes people who we believe have had a significant impact on our country and the wider world. Representation is always important to us when choosing significant individuals to explore in our history lessons; ensuring men, women, different ethnicities, religions and disabilities are included; allowing our children to appreciate and celebrate differences in cultures, beliefs and backgrounds. 

In KS2, we have designed our curriculum so that a chronological timeline is established throughout the school year and also as the children progress through the school to further support our children and their understanding of chronology. We cover periods of history that include the earliest people and civilisations in the world to modern day events.

Our history curriculum is progressive; building on skills and knowledge throughout the year and as the children move up through the school; enabling our children to make connections and build upon their previous learning. To facilitate this progression, our history curriculum has been grouped into three overarching units:

  1. Early Civilizations in the Autumn Term

  2. Early Britain in the Spring Term

  3. Barmy Britain in the Summer Term

An overview detailing our history coverage for each year group from Nursery to Year 6 can be found here.

History overviewEach topic has a key question that the children will attempt to answer throughout the term using a range of historical sources. Low-stake quizzes are completed by all children at the beginning and end of a topic to monitor progress, along with a rigorous monitoring cycle involving pupil voice, work scrutinies and monitoring of the learning environment across all year groups to inform future planning.   

Click on each unit heading to find Child friendly SKO’s that will help you to support your child at home with their history learning.  

Autumn Term: Early Civilizations

Year 1 Toys

Year 2 Explorers

Year 3 Egypt

Year 4 Greece

Year 5 Mayan

Year 6 Crime and Punishment

Spring Term: Early Britain

Year 1 Seasides

Year 2 Nurses

Year 3 Stone Age

Year 4 Romans

Year 5 Vikings

Year 6 WW2

Summer Term: Barmy Britian

Year 1 The Royal Family

Year 2 Eltham Palace

Year 3 The Tudors

Year 4 The Stuarts

Year 5 Victorian Britian

Year 6 Democracy